Robert Louis Stevenson was born in Scotland. His father, Thomas Stevenson, was an engineer. At the age of seven Robert developed tuberculosis. This left him weak and thin and he remained sickly throughout his life. His illness pushed him closer to books, and he grew up in his own world of fantasy and imagination. His nurse, Alice Cunningham, further stimulated his imagination by telling him stories of fairies, dragons and monsters. Many of these stories found their way into his later books.
In 1874, he graduated to became a laywer but instead of setting his practice he decided to devote himself to writing. He left Scotland and travelled to France, Italy and Spain, and then to America. His two travel books. Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes and An Inland Journey were based on these experiences.
He wrote a book titled The Sea Cook which was published as Treasure Island in 1883. An instant success, it established his reputation as a major writer in English literature. This was followed by other novels of high adventure: Kidnapped (1888), The Mater of Ballantrae (1889), and David Balfour (1893). He also wrote The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and The Black Arrow.
On December 3, 1894, he died suddenly from cerebral haemorrhage. Treasure Island remains one of the most popular books of English literature enthralling readers, old and young.